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Wildlife of Serra Malagueta    
     
Birds    

Garça Vermelha de Santiago (Ardea purpurea bournei)
An endemic subspecies of Santiago, the bird is very rare and threatened with extinction. Nesting only on Santiago in a few known locations, such as Banana de Montanha and Serra Malagueta. – In the past they nestied in Poilão de Boa Entrada, São Domingos and also Trindade. It feeds on insects and their larva, reptiles and amphibians. The Parque is one of the rare locations where this bird nests, occupying the inaccessible edge of some valley cliffs, in areas of relatively high humidity as well as  vegetation for shelter.

 

 
     

Tchota-cana (Acrocephalus brevipennis)
 It is a short bird, timid and difficult to find, their song is strident and characteristic.  They make their home in areas of dense vegetation, like in the valley’s where drip agriculture is common. It feeds primarily on insects and their larva.

 

 
     

Asa curta (Buteo buteo bannermanii)
A rare and threatened bird in Cape Verde, it is registered in only Santo Antão and Santiago islands, and in very small numbers.  This species is characterized by their slow flight and their unique bird call which sounds remarkably similar to the “meow” of a cat.  It feeds primarily on small rodents, reptiles , bird eggs, and insects and it makes it’s home in the cracks of cliffs and areas which are difficult to access.

 
     

Francedja (Falco tinunculus alexandri)
A common bird inside the park, it is characterized by their quick flight and an interesting “dance” they perform.  They feed primarily on small rodents, reptiles, and infant birds.  They nest n small cracks found in rocks.

 
     

Coruja (Tyto alba detorta)
A nocturnal bird that nests inside cracks found in cliff-sides. It primarily feeds on rodents, reptiles, and toads.  Traditional folklore attributes medicinal qualities to the bird believing it can cure asthma during a full moon.

 
     

Passarinha (Alcyon leucocephala)
A common bird inside the park, it is an attractive bird with a strident bird call.  It feeds primarily on isects, reptiles, and fruits.  This bird can only be found on the southern islands of Cape Verde.  Local superstition believes that the presence of these birds singing is a sign of good news.

 
     

Andorinhão (Apus alexandri)
An endemic species of Cape Verde, they are characterized by their dark coloration and their ability to remain in the air for long periods of time.  It is common to find groups of ten or more of these birds circling in the air.  Found mainly in the mountains, they generally make their home in rock crevices or in the roofs of abandoned houses.

 
     

Codirniz (Coturnix coturnix)
An introduced species which is often confused with the Brown Solo.  It feeds primarily on vegetation and will feed on agriculture.

 
     

Minhoto (Neophron percnopterus)
A carrion bird that during its adolescence is characterized by greyish – brown colouration.  As it reaches adulthood it takes on a white colour with dark color at the wing tips.  This species can be found inside the park.

 
     

Galinha-do-mato/Pelada (Numida meleagris)
An introduced species to Cape Verde, it can be found in the mountains wherever it can find fod and shelter.  It has an attractive colouration but is not liked by farmers due to the damage it inflicts on crops

 
     

Tchota-terra (Passer iagoensis)
An endemic species of Cape Verde, this small bird is very common and can be found throughout the islands.  It feeds primarily on insects and seeds and prefers to build its nests in trees or in the holes found in houses or in the crevices of rocks.  They can be found frequently near cities and villages and inside the park it prefers areas near agriculture and water.

 
Amphibians and Reptiles    

Sapo (Bufo regularis)
This species was introduced to Cape Verde and is the representative of the amphibian class in the country. It feeds primarily on insects and their larva and can be found in both urban and rural zones in close proximity to water sources.  At night it is possible to hear them and they constitute an important source of food for the bird population. 

 
     

Lagartixa Pintada (Chioninia spinalis spinalis)
An endemic subspecies of Satiago, this lizard is characteized by the distinctive bright stripes on the lateral part of the body and sometimes on the dorsal as well.  Can be found primarily walls and and structures composed of loose stone and in close proximity to food sources.

 
     

Lagarto (Chioninia vaillanti)
An endemic species of Cape Verde, is found primarily on the south islands.  This species of lizard is the largest found in Cape Verde and reach up to 30cm.  It feeds primarily on fruit as well as insects and plant leaves.

 
     

Osga (Tarentola rudis rudis)
An endemic species of Santiago.  Operates primarily at night feeding on insects and their larva and lives in areas of loose stone.

 
Mammals    

Macaco de face negra (Cercopithecus aethiops)
Found normally in continental Africa, this animal was introduced to Santiago long ago.  Since then it has made it’s home in the lush areas found high in the mountains.  It is widely disliked by farmers because it will often feed on their crops especially when the new crops are being planted.  Some people will also keep the monkeys as pets.