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Endemic Plants of Monte Gordo    
Of the 46 endemic species in São Nicolau, 32 are present in the area of the park. They represent 27 classes and 16 (groups) families. Of the 32, one is native of Monte Gordo (Nauplussmithii) and 17 are on the list of endangered species for the island of São Nicolau. There is also an endemic species of Macaronesia (Dracaena draco). 
   
Família: APIACEA    
Aipo (Tornabenea insularis)
The Tornabenea is the only endemic genus of Cape Verde and is represented by five species.  Tornabenea insulars is believed to be slowly becoming extinct in São Nicolau. It can be found in different areas of the park, but the greater populations are found in streams. It can be used for animal feed.
 
Família: ASCLEPIADACEAE    
Curcabra (Periploca laevigata)
This plant can be found in the park, but the greater populations are more common in Hortelã, Ribeira de Calhaus and on the path between Monte Deserto and Fragata. It is classified as an endangered species on São Nicolau, because it is commonly used for animal feed and as firewood. 
 
     
Lacacon (Sarcostemma daltonii)
Unique in appearance, Lacacon is a herb with milky sap and succulent leaves released from the round plump branches . It is a species that lives on escarpment of rocks, and is not very common in the park. It can be used to treat decayed teeth.
 
Família: ASTERACEAE    
Losna (Conyza feae)
Losna is a bush with vertical branches that is scattered in the stony, rocky hillsides of mountainous areas. It is used to treat the flu and fevers.
 
     
Taba (Conyza pannosa)
Taba is a lively herb with straight branchs and clusters of yellow flowers. This is considered an endemic species on the island of São Nicolau. It is very uncommon in the park.
 
     
Marcelinha (Conyza varia)
Marcelinha is an expansive bush characterized by its large number of clustered yellow flowers. It is a species that is at risk due to the deforestation in the high zones. It is commonly seen in the N/NE zone of the park.
 
     
Serralha (Launaea gorgadensis)
It is a bush with torn looking leaves. It is commonly used as animal feed.  It is very limited in the area of the park. 
 
     
Tortolhinha (Launaea picridioides)
It is a shrub with many cheerful flowers.  It is commonly used as animal feed. It can be found in different areas of the park; however it is more common in the N/NW gradient on the path to Fragata.
 
     
Macela (Nauplius smithii)
A shrub that is only found in the area of Monte Gordo. The greater population of this species is more frequently seen in the N/NE hillside of Monte Vermelho, and at the beginning of the path to Fundo Bampu. The leaves are used to make tea to treat the flu. Today it has been placed at risk due to the invasion of its habitat by foreign species and excessive cutting of its branches to make street lamps for the day of São Joao’s.
 
     
Mato-branco (Phagnalon melanoleucum)
A white shrub that is not very common in the area of the park.
 
     
Pasturinha (Sonchus daltonii)
A shrub which is more frequently seen in the hillsides and the rocky slopes, and can be seen in many different areas of the park.  It is used for traditional remedies and it's trunk and roots are used as firewood. 
 
Família: BORAGINACEAE    
Língua-de-vaca (Echium stenosiphon subsp. stenosiphon)
Very commonly found bush in the area of the park. It can found in the hillsides and in the uncultivated terrains. It is used for traditional medicines (syrup for coughs and tea for bronchitis). Also used as grass and fuel.
 
Família: BRASSICACEAE    
Mostarda-brabo (Diplotaxis gracilis)
A lively herb that is found in different areas of the park, but in limited quantities. It is used for animal feed and for traditional remedies.
 
     
Sempre-noivinha (Lobularia canariensis subsp. fruticosa)
A decorative and uncommon shrub in the park. It is more frequent on the path from Canto de Faja to Fragata, but not in great quantities since it is highly demanded by animals,
 
Família: CAMPANULACEAE    
Contra-bruxa (Campanula jacobaea)
A lively herb that lives in the steep and on fences. It is found almost everywhere in the park in variable quantities. It has a variety of purple or white flowers. It is also used for traditional remedies.
 
Família: CARYOPHYLLACEAE    
Palha-formiga (Paronychia illecebroides)
A low lying herb with timber stems. It is more common in the N/NE slope of the park. It grows on the ground, but it can be also found on the rocks. It is used to make traditional remedies such as syrups. 
 
     
Palha-bidião (Polycarpaea gayi)
It is a small herb with green-greyish coloured leaves, which can reach the height of a small bush. Its flowers are of small dimension. It is found in isolated parts of the park.
 
Família: CRASSULACEAE    
Saião (Aeonium gorgoneum)
A small bush of thick and juicy leaves and timber stems. It is abundant in the N/NE/NW slopes of the park. It is commonly used to make traditional decorations. 
 
     
Saião (Aeonium gorgoneum)
A lively herb of juicy leaves. It is a very rare plant in the park found only in Somada de Ribeira de Calhaus.
 
Família: EUPHORBIACEAE    
Tortolho (Euphorbia tuckeyana)
A bushy species that can reach 3 metres in height. Communities of this species are well preserved in all areas of the park. It can be found in Foica (N/NE of 1ST Caldeirinha). The result of good preservation can be seen in the quality of maturity in the crown as well as in the height and thickness of the trunk. It is used for firewood and its latex is used to mark the skin of animals.
 
Família: GLOBULARIACEAE    
Medronha/Mato-botão (Globularia amygdalifolia)
A herb of timber stems with rosette leaves. Its flowers are white with a light blue center. Its distribution varies in the region of the park. It is an endangered species on the island of São Nicolau
 
Família: LAMIACEAE    
Lisbon/Moraches (Lavandula rotundifolia)
It is a bush with long beautiful flowers sticking out. Its distribution varies in the area of the park.  It is used for animal food and for traditional remedies to treat stomachaches and headaches.
 
     
Cidreirinha/Erva-cidreira (Satureja forbesii)
A lively, aromatic herb. it is very limited in the area of the park. The greater numbers are found in the Cume of Monte Gordo. It is considered at risk for the island of São Nicolau since it is very popular in traditional medicines (to treat stomachaches, muscular pain, and for coughs). Currently it is also greatly consumed by goats.  
 
Família: LEGUMINOSAE PAPILIONOIDEA    
Cabritage (Lotus sp.)
A herb or small bush that grows on the ground. It is part of a big genus that has 10 species in Cape Verde. Its distribution varies in the park. It is particularly good for animal feed.
 
Família: PAPAVERACEAE    
Papoila (Papaver gorgoneum subsp. gorgoneum)
An annual or biannual herb with leaves that are deeply defined. Its distribution is very limited in the area of the park. Its greater numbers are found on the path to Gamboesa da Silva. It can be used as animal feed.  
 
Família: PLUMBAGINACEAE    
Carqueja (Limonium jovi-barba)
The height of Carqueja is rather medium.  It is found in extremely  limited areas of the park.  It has marvellous wide flowers and under the cluster of flowers many wilting leaves can be found.
 
Família: SAPOTACEAE    
Marmulano (Sideroxylon marginata)
A very rare tree in the park. It is in great danger on the island of São Nicolau. In general it is found in steep slopes and can reach 12 meters in height.
 
Familia: SCROPHULARIACEAE    
Alecrim-brabo (Campylanthus glaber subsp. galber)
A ground shrub. Its distribution in the park varies, but a great majority can be found in Monte Deserto. It is used in the traditional medicine to cure muscular pain.
 
     
Agrião-de-rocha (Kickxia elegans subsp. elegans)
A ground shrub with long branches and small leaves with a light green colour. It is more common in rocks and hills. It has a limited distribution in the park.
 
     
Agrião-de-rocha (Kickxia elegans subsp. dichondrifolia)
A shrub with triangular leaves and small flowers. Its distribution is limited in the park. It is very similar to Kicksia elegans subsp. elegans, This makes it difficult to differentiate between the two species since they form part of the same genus.
 
     
Sabão-de-feiticeira (Verbascum capitis-viridis)
A herb that can reach 1,2m in height. It has engraved microscopic hairs on the edge of the leaves. It can be found in small quantities in all areas of the park. It is used for traditional remedies.
 
Família: AGAVACEAE    
Dragoeiro (Dracaena draco)
Symbol of the park. This endemic tree, da Macaronesia, can reach 10 m of altitude. It is well distributed in the park in great numbers. São Nicolau represents the 2nd greatest population of this species in the entire archipelago, called The Dragoeiro.  It almost entered the list of endangered species for the use of it's sap, the “Sangue-de-drago” or Dragons Blood, which is said to cure body pains.