Hydroelectric Power Plants in South Asia 

Basochu Lower
Location: Bhutan
Operator: Department of Power
Configuration: 2 X 20 MW Pelton
Operation: 2005
T/G supplier: VA TECH, Alstom
EPC: Verbund, Alpine Mayreder
Quick facts:
The Basochu Lower project includes the power station, 35km of 220kV line between Rurichu and Semtokha, and a 70MVA, 11/220kV switchyard at Rurichu. The total cost was about ATS 553mn, of which almost 80% was financed by the Government of Austria.

Photograph courtesy of VA TECH Hydro
Posted 16 Apr 2005

Location: Bhutan
Operator: Chukha Power Authority
Configuration: 4 X 84 MW Pelton
Operation: 1988-1989
T/G supplier: BHEL
EPC: Patel Engineering, NPCC, Aban
Quick facts: This plant was entirely funded by the Government of India and 70% of its output is sold into eastern India. The project cost about $200mn. India provided a 60% grant and a 40% loan at 5%/yr repayable in 15 years. The 40m diversion dam is 1.6km upstream of the confluence of the Ti-Chu and Wong Chu rivers and a 6,560m head race tunnel take off from the left bank and conveys water to an underground power house.

Photograph courtesy of Chukha Power Authority
Posted 11 Feb 2006

Ghazi Barotha
Location: Pakistan
Operator: WAPDA
Configuration: 5 X 290 MW Francis
Operation: 2003-2004
T/G supplier: Voith, Toshiba
EPC: Pakistan Hydro Consultants, Associated Consulting Engineers, Binnie, Harza, Ewbank Preece, Impreglio,
Zublin, Nazir & Co, Saadullah Khan & Brothers
Quick facts: The project cost about $2.1bn and was supported by lending from
the ADB, EIB, Islamic Development Bank, JBIC, KfW, and the World Bank. Construction started in Dec 1995 and Unit-1 testing started in May 2003.

Photograph courtesy of WAPDA
Posted 8 May 2005




Location: Bhutan
Operator: Assam State Electricity Board
Configuration: 4 X 15 MW Kaplan
Operation: 2001
T/G supplier: Bhel
EPC: Gammon, Wapcos, NHPC
Quick facts: In Feb 1994, Bhutan and India formed Kurichu Project Authority to developed a run-of-river power plant on the River Kurichu, a principal tributary of the Manas in eastern Bhutan. A 55m straight gravity concrete dam was built with a surface power house operating at average net head of 32m. Annual output is about 400 GWh. The plant cost Rs 555 crore and the agreed tariff is Rs 1.75/kWh. A 132kV transmission system with a local 33-kV feeder was included as part of the development.

Photograph courtesy of Gammon India Ltd
Posted 15 Nov 2008


Abbreviations:  T/G = turbine generator, NPCC = National Projects Construction Corp Ltd, WAPDA = Water & Power Development Authority

Data: industcards, Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base

Updated 07/11/09