Coal-Fired Power Plants in Thailand & Vietnam

Operator: BLCP Power
Configuration: 2 X 717 MW
Operation: 2006-2007
Fuel: bituminous coal
Boiler supplier: MHI
T/G supplier: MHI, Melco
EPC: MHI, Jurong Engineering
Quick facts: In Dec 1997, BLCP Power Ltd (BLCP) secured a 25yr Phase I Stage 2 PPA with EGAT for a new power station at Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate Phase 2. The original development consortium formed in 1995 and included Banpu, Loxley, and PowerGen plc, and RTZ-CRA. RTZ and Loxely pulled out in 1998. PowerGen sold out to CLP in 2001/02 and CLP sold its 50% stake to EGCO in Oct 2006. Fuel is Australian bituminous coal. The plant was permitted in Feb 2002, financial close was in Aug 2003, foundation stone laying was in Mar 2004, and the first unit was synchronized in Apr 2006. BLCP has an ESP, saltwater FGD scrubber, and low Nox burners. The stack is 200m tall. The plant is grid-connected through the 500kV Rayong-4 substation. Total capex for the project was about $1.3bn.

Photograph courtesy of BLCP Power
Posted 12 Jun 2009

Cao Ngan
Operator: Vietnam Coal and Mineral Industries Group
Configuration: 2 X 50 MW
Operation: 2006
Fuel: anthracite
Boiler supplier: Alstom
T/G supplier: Harbin
EPC: Harbin, Lilama, Vinaincom
Quick facts: In May 2002, Harbin Power Engineering won the contract for this IPP on the Cau River in Thai Nguyen province 80km north of Hanoi. China Export-Import Bank provided a $85.5mn soft loan for the $123mn project. Anthracite is supplied from the Khanh Hoa and Nui Hong mines and transported by rail to a stockpile at Quan Trieu station and from there to the plant by conveyor where it is burned in CFB boilers. Construction started in Nov 2002 and Unit-1 was connected in Feb 2006, a little behind schedule.

Photograph courtesy of Vietnam Coal and Mineral Industries Group
Posted 3 Feb 2007

Mae Moh
Operator: Electricity Generating Auth of Thailand
Configuration: 3 X 75 MW, 4 X 150 MW, 6 X 300 MW
Operation: 1978-1995
Fuel: lignite
Boiler supplier: B&W, CE
T/G supplier: Tosi, Elin, Fuji
Quick facts: EGAT runs its own mining operations at Mae Moh which supply about 15mn tpy of lignite. EGAT has completed an extensive program of back-end pollution control equipment retrofits at Mae Moh and laid up the oldest and smallest units. MHI FGD scrubbers were installed from the outset on Units 12&13 and Noell retrofit wet limestone FGDs on the other three 300-MW sets from Sep 1997 to Apr 1998. ABB and Marubeni then added FGDs to the 150-MW units with completion in Feb 2000. In addition, various boiler modifications were made to reduce NOX emissions.

Photograph courtesy of Electricity Generating Auth of Thailand
Re-posted 12 Jun 2009


Pha Lai-2
Location: Vietnam
Operator: Electricity of Vietnam
Configuration: 2 X 300 MW
Operation: 2001
Fuel: anthracite

Boiler supplier: Mitsui Babcock
T/G supplier: GE
EPC: Pacific Power, Electric Power Development Corp, TransGrid, Sumitomo, Stone & Webster, Hyundai
Quick facts: Originally planned as a BOT plant, Pha Lai-2 was eventually built as an EVN project per a $560mn EPC award in Mar 1998. The site is 65km northeast of Hanoi in Hai Duong province. OECF provided funding support. The local anthracite coal is a difficult fuel with an ash content of 27-33% and an average volatile matter content of less than 5%. Despite the fuel’s low-sulfur content (0.5-0.7%), the plant has an FGD system from Marsulex removing 90% of the SO2 from 85% of the flue gas. Construction started in Jun 1998 and the first 300-MW unit went online ahead of schedule in Oct 2001, followed by the second unit in Dec. Total investment is about $640mn.

Photograph courtesy of Mitsui Babcock
Posted 29 Jun 2002

Uong Bi-7
Operator: Uong Bi Thermal Power Co
Configuration: 1 X 300 MW
Operation: 2007
Fuel: anthracite
Boiler supplier: Taganrog
T/G supplier: LMZ, Electrosila
EPC: Ekono, Lilama, Zagranenergostroymontazh
Quick facts: In May 2002, initial construction work got underway on this extension to the Uong Bi power station 150km east of Hanoi in Quang Ninh province. In Jul 2002, Electrowatt-Ekono was awarded a €11.2mn contract for project management and initial engineering and in May 2003, Lilama was awarded a $267mn EPC contract for the project. In June 2003, Power Machines Group received an $83mn order for the main generating equipment and, in Dec 2003, Kawasaki received a ¥2bn order for a wet limestone FGD scrubber for the new unit. JBIC supplied some of the funding for the $305mn project, which went commercial on 18 Dec 2006. Some 800,000 tpy of anthracite from the Vang Danh mine is expected to be used to produce 1.8 TWh/yr. A second 300-MW set is planned

Photograph courtesy of Zagranenergostroymontazh
Posted 10 Oct 2007

Abbreviations: B&V = Black & Veatch, B&W = Babcock & Wilcox, BOT = build-operate-transfer, CE = Combustion Engineering, CFB = circulating fluidized bed, GE = General Electric, IPP = independent power producers, JBIC = Japan Bank for International Cooperation, LMZ = Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod, T/G = turbine generator, tpy = tons per year

Data: Platts UDI World Electric Power Plants Data Base, industcards

Updated 06/24/09