Facts About Multiples
An Encyclopedia of Multiple Birth Records


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Quadruplets (4)
 


Total Sets
I had recorded 3447 sets of quadruplets in the world as of November 2007. As there are likely thousands of sets born each year (100+ in the United States each year alone), I no longer keep track of quadruplet births.

First Surviving Set
The first set to survive that I found reference to living to adulthood is the Gehri set (Switzerland, September 26, 1880) 2 boys, 2 girls, Oskar, Arthur, Bertha, Rosa

Identical Quads (World)
63 sets - With the possibility of 72 sets in the world. 43 sets are all female and 20 sets are male.

Female Sets

  1. 1930 - Morlok (Michigan) Wilma (d January 2002), Helen (d October 31 2003), Edna, Sarah
  2. 1946 - Fultz (North Carolina) Mary Louise (d 1991), Mary Ann (d 1996), Mary Alice (d 2001), Mary Catherine. The 1st surviving African American quads.
  3. 1950 - Coles (England) Patricia, Frances, Marie, Edna.
  4. 1956 - Shaia (Virginia) Mary Louise, Mary Loretta, Mary Celeste, Mary Virginia.
  5. 1958 - Ullman (Michigan) Marion, Helen, Martha, Catherine.
  6. 1960s - Bussman (Minnesota) Mary (Chung En Sil), Lois (Chung En Ae), Ruth (Chung En Sook), Sharon (Chung En Ja). Adopted from Korea.
  7. 1963 - Axe (Ohio) Anna, Julia, Susan (d June 1993), Rita.
  8. 1963 - Harris (Illinois) Sheena, Shannon, Sherry, Shawna.
  9. 1967 - Alexander (New Zealand) Elizabeth, Kathryn, Delwyn, Louise.
  10. 1974 - Kovacs (Hungary) Zsuzsa, Katalin, Adrienn, Ildikó.
  11. 1974 - Hansen (Texas) Alison 4lbs 12 1/2ozs, Brooke 4lbs 2ozs, Claire 4lbs 10ozs, Darcy 3lbs 10zs.
  12. 1977 - unidentified (China) 4 girls
  13. 1979 - Wallace (Australia)  Rowena, Amber, Marissa, Melinda
  14. 1980 - Launay (France) Celine, Sandrine, Claire, Isabelle.
  15. 1980 - Asiata (from Western Samoa, born and living in New Zealand) Lakena, Pato, Lise, Tuaula
  16. 1982 - Steeves (Alberta, Canada) Mary Beth 3lbs 4ozs, Caroline Dawn 2lbs 15ozs, Jennifer Lee 3lbs 6ozs, Patty Ann 2lbs 7ozs.
  17. 1988 - Dize/Welch (Maryland) Whitney, Geri-Lyn, Lindsay, Lauren
  18. 1990 - Taimanglo (Guam, October 25 1990) 4 girls, Janielle, Jerilynn, Judith, Joshlynn Reported to be all identical in news report.
  19. 1991 - Lawrence (Illinois) Kayla, Crystal, Alexis, Amanda. They were tested and found to be identical.
  20. 1991 - Gray (England) Louisa, Sophia, Rebecca, Elaina
  21. 1992 - Jackson (Louisiana) Meredith, Machenzie, Stephanie, Jessica. News articles stated they are identical.
  22. 1993 - Durst (Minnesota) Calli Kristine, Kendra Nicole, Megan Marie, Sarah Elizabeth.
  23. 1993 - Dixon (England) Sarah, Alexandra, Catherine, Heather. They were DNA tested and are identical.
  24. 1993 - Guy (England) Rebecca, Laura, Kirsty, Emma.
  25. 1995 - Alvarado (Texas) Ariana 3lbs 1.4 ozs, Celena 3lbs 8 ozs, Grace 2lbs 10.5ozs, Gabriela 3lbs 6.6 ozs.
  26. 1995 - Pyfrom (born in Florida, from the Bahamas) Christina, Catherine, Janelle, Jodi
  27. 1996 - Aversa (England) Giorgia, Claudia, Chiara, Fabrizia.
  28. 1997 - Borges (New York) Nicole Iris 3lbs 3ozs, Bianca Iris 3lbs 1oz, Raquel Iris 3lbs, Victoria Iris 2lbs 1ozs.
  29. 1998 - Grady (Iowa) Ashley Irene 1lb 15ozs, Lindsey Lucille 1lb 12ozs, Kara Colleen 1lb 11ozs, Alyssa Anne 1lb 3ozs.
  30. 1999 - Cerezo (Phillippines) Mary Joyce, Mary Jane, Mary Grace, Mary Rose.
  31. 2000 - Martinez/Cornejo(California) Brenda, Carina, Maricruz, Giselle
  32. 2000 - Cucalon/Reyes (Nicaragua) Maria Fernanda, Maria Dolores, Maria Isabel, Maria Alejandra.
  33. 2000 - Mathias (South Carolina) Grace, Emily, Mary Claire, Anna.
  34. 2002 - Khamsa/Muy (California) Preana, Audreana, Natalie, Melody. 2lbs 5ozs to 2lbs 8ozs
  35. 2002 - Da Conceiaa/Do Carmo (Brazil) Maria-Vitoria, Maria-Paula, Stefane, Maria-Raiane.
  36. 2002 - Galvan/Montejano (California) Alyssa, Aneesa, Jayden, Janessa.
  37. 2002 - Hulford (Washington) Constance Helen, Emily Mae 4lbs 6ozs, Andrea Frances, Anja Renee 3lbs 8ozs.
  38. 2004 - Webb (Alabama) Emily Morgan 2lbs 4ozs, Marley Alaina 2lbs 3.25ozs, Lindsey Reagan 2lbs 4.25ozs, Sydney Michaela 2lbs 4.5ozs
  39. 2005 - Breedlove (Texas) Adele, Bonnie, Chloe, Daphne. Their mother is an identical twin.
  40. 2006 - Carles (England) Jessica Margaret 1lb 9ozs, Holly Christina 2lbs, Georgina Frances 2lbs 7ozs, Ellie Mae 2lbs 8ozs
  41. 2006 - Vivekanandan (India) Girls Aditi, Aakriti, Akshathi, Aapthi
  42. 2007 - Jepp (Canada, born in USA) Autumn 2lbs 15ozs, Brooke 2lbs 11ozs, Calissa 2lbs 11ozs, Dahlia 2lbs 6ozs
  43. 2007 - Medders (North Dakota, November 4) Annika (d in utero), Berkley (d Nov 7), Callie, Daley (d at birth)

Male Sets

  1. 1950s - Magierksi (Poland) Balchek, Lanke live in Poland while the other two brothers live in New York.
  2. 1960 - Guinnane (Michigan) Peter, Paul, Vincent, Gerard
  3. 1964 - Mincey (Ohio) Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
  4. 1974 - Segura (New Mexico) Florencio, Fermin, Fernando, Fabian.
  5. 1974 - Sibonni (France) Steve, Stephan, Jacques, Mikael.
  6. 1976 - O'Brien (Australia) Bruce, Richard, Brian, Warwick.
  7. 1977 - Snyman (South Africa) Vernon, Quentin, Jacques, Rudolph.
  8. 1979 - Chavez/Perez (Mexico) Dani, Dario, Jaime, Juan.
  9. 1981 - Arnold (North Dakota) Justin, Joel, Joshua, Jon.
  10. 1981 - Ahmad/Diman (Malaysia) Abu-Bakar, Omar, Osman, Ali
  11. 1988 - Jeffah (Kenya) Jacob Munga, Joseph Ndune, Kenneth Kalonzi, Kevin Kombo
  12. 1989 - Hei Hei (New Zealand) Boys Nuka, Robbie, Taiporutu, Mane
  13. 1990? - Lai/Tse(Hong Kong) Boys Cheuk-hang, Cheuk-hin, Cheuk-wai, Cheuk-luen
  14. 1991 - Curto (Massachusetts, April) James, Peter, Raymond, Max
  15. 1991 - Furtick (New York) Kevin, Jason, Keith, Victor
  16. 1997 - Karma (Nevada) Lennon Jacques 5lbs 1ozs, Mark Peter 4lbs 11 1/4ozs, Nolan Elias 4lbs 11ozs, Sabin Frederick 4lbs 12 1/2 ozs.
  17. 2001 - Unidentified (Portugal) Antonio, Manuel, Francisco, Martin.
  18. 2001 - Shrestha (Nepal) Boys. None survived.
  19. 2004 - Castro-Quesada/Sossa (Costa Rica) Cristian (d 7 weeks), Christopher, Francisco, Mauricio
  20. 2005 - Owens/Zolfaghary (England) Caspar 14ozs, Kion 2lbs 8ozs, Luca 2lbs 8ozs, Daniel 1lb 13ozs. Conceived on the Pill.

Possibly Identical Sets

  1. 1830 - Von Winckel (Italy) reported to be monochorionic, none survived.
  2. 1847 - Unidentified (Germany, May 1847) girls, reportedly a single placenta.
  3. 1949 - Hargreaves/Oswald (Ontario, Canada) Joyce, Jennifer, Janice, Joan The Sault Ste. Marie family was featured in articles and apparently all four girls went into the medical/healthcare field, but I can find no further info on them.
  4. 1958 - Unidentified (England)
  5. 1967 - Fahrenkrog (Missouri) Paul, Dwayne, Bryan, Mark
  6. 1978 - Remy (Ontario, Canada) Laura, Layla, Lisa, Linda
  7. 1979 - Zhang (China)
  8. 1970/80s - Aldecoa (Mexico) Armida, Aracelei, Alejandrina, Violeta.
  9. 1997 - Poplawscy (Poland) Ewa, Malgosia, Ania, Kamilka.

Heaviest Birth Weights (Total, All 4 surviving)
26lbs+ - Tate (Ohio, October 20 1903) 4 girls,  each baby over 6lbs 8ozs. (Note: I am not sure if all 4 survived)
24lbs 9ozs - Unidentified (Egypt, November 6 1982) 6lbs 6ozs, 6lbs 6ozs, 6lbs 6ozs, 5lbs 5ozs (Note: I am not sure if all 4 survived)
22lbs 15 3/4 ozs - Saunders (England, February 7 1989) 2 boys, 2 girls

There is a report of a set born in Germany on July 27 1907 weighing a total of 29.9 lbs - 4 boys. All were reported to be living at 2 months.

Heaviest Birth Weight (Single Quad Baby, All 4 surviving)
6lbs 8ozs - One of the Tate quads (Ohio, October 20 1903) All four girls were 6lbs 8ozs or more. (Note: I am not sure if all 4 survived).
6lbs 7ozs - Jill Michelle Strickland (Indiana, December 11 1983)
6lbs 6ozs - Unidentified (Egypt, November 6 1982) 3 of the quads were 6lbs 6ozs, the fourth was 5lbs 5ozs.
 

Lightest Birth Weights (Total, All 4 surviving)
6lbs 9ozs - Alyssa, Ashley, Lindsay, & Kara Grady (Iowa, April 8 1998).
7lbs - Josie, Allison, Maggie & Sophia Crommet (Illinois June 2 2001).
7lbs 2ozs - Anthony, Billy, Curtis & Danny Librizzi (Pennsylvania, June 9 1996).

Lightest Birth Weight (Single Quad Baby, surviving)
13.5ozs - Emma Cusatis (Delaware, September 23 2003).
14ozs - Caspar Owens/Zolfaghary (England, June 2005)
15.25ozs - Jorian Hammer (Colorado, April 9 1997).

Most Premature Quads (All surviving)
118 days (23 weeks) - Brett, Kaden, Cooper, Parker Woollen (Nebraska, February 11 2008)
104 days (25 weeks, 1 day) -
Ben, Hannah, Ryan, Lisa Tepper (Australia, February 20 1997).

102 days (25 weeks, 4 days) - Adam, Andrew, Aaron, Annissa Covaleski (Pennsylvania, January 1 1999).

Longest Gestation
40 weeks - Alexander (New Zealand, 1967) Elizabeth, Kathryn, Delwyn, Louise. Hospital induced after 40 weeks.
37+ weeks -
Singh (India, July 14 2001). Four boys

37 weeks - Christian, Francois, Simon and Marie-Pierre Guerette/Blouin (Quebec, Canada, May 5 1988).
37 weeks - Andrew, Alex, Tara and Carly Swick (born in Indiana, living in Missouri, January 16 1989)

Delayed Birth
13 days - Odinakachukwu, Chinedu, Chisom, and Kelechi Anyakudo/Enwere (Texas, February 1 and 13 1999) with all surviving.
10 days - Christopher, Matthew, Alexandra, and Sarah Iverson (Saskatchewan, Canada, November 21, 29 and 30 1993) with all surviving.

Oldest Quads (All still surviving)
70 years - Ernest, Paul, Michael and Anne Miles (England, November 28 1935).

Oldest Quads (History, at least one deceased)
79 years 316 days - Adolf, Anne-Marie, Emma, and Elisabeth Ottman (Germany, May 5 1912). Adolf died first.

Oldest Individual Quadruplet
90 years old - Roberta Keys Torn (Texas, June 4 1915)

Youngest Mother of Quads (When the quads were born)
15 years old - Bobby Jo Broviak (North Carolina, 1991) Spontaneous, Scott, Adam, Valerie, Brittany.
15 years old - Unidentified (Syria, June 13). Had 3 girls and 1 boy.
16 years old - Erin Belcher (Arkansas, April 17 1998). Spontaneous Ariel Sierra, Savannah Cheyenne, Kelsey Morgan and Skyler Sade.

Youngest Father of Quads (When the quads were born)
18 years old - Belcher (Arkansas, April 17 1998).

Oldest Mother of Quads (When the quads were born)
55 years, 286 days old - Merryl 'Mary' Fudel (California, April 18 1998). IVF Brooke (d), Brianna, Brittany, and Dario. She gave up for adoption 2 girls and kept the boy.
55 years - Singh (from India, born in Italy, August 2008) 4 boys, Manav, Manmeet, Roshan and Radveer

Oldest Mother of Spontaneous Quads (When the quads were born)
47 years - Takalane Makapile (South Africa, October 29 2005) 3 girls and 1 boy, no fertility methods. She has four grandchildren.

Oldest Father of Quads (When the quads were born)
75 years old - Amalfi (Colombia, August 9 1944). He had 30 children by his 1st wife and 13 with his second before the quads.

Schizophrenic Quads
The identical "Genain" quadruplets were girls born in the US and studied extensively because all four developed varying degrees of schizophrenia before age 24.

First  IVF Quads
World (1984) - Sam Andrew, Christopher Allan, Ben Graham and Brett Leslie Muir (Australia, 1984).

Australia - Muir (January 7 1984) Sam Andrew, Christopher Allan, Ben Graham and Brett Leslie
England - Smale (May 6 1984) Leon, Christopher, Dennis and Donna
USA - Kuzmanic (April 15 1985) Stephen, Kristopher, Kirk and Paige
South Africa - Hinrichsen (May 8 1986) Mark, Andrew and Natalie (3 survive)
France - Dennomey (January 1987) Benjamin, Romain, Axelle and Alicia
West Germany - unidentified (March 1987) 3 girls, 1 boy
Canada - Hole (June 16 1988) Emily, Rachel, Heather and Ralph
Singapore - Tan (May 14 1989) Chun Ping, Chun Li, Chun Di, Min Bin
Ireland - Sills (August 9 1991) David, Dean, Mark and Lisa
Spain - Martin (October 1 1992) 3 boys, 1 girl
Brazil - Motta (May 25 1996) Rachel, Catherina, Barbara and Bruno
Iceland - Gudjondottir (November 1 1988) Alexandra, Dilja, Elin and Brynhildur (were conceived in England)
Vietnam - unidentified (April 1998)
India - unidentified (1989)
Italy - unidentified (September 1998) Daniela, Giuliana, Allessandra and Giuseppe
Peru - Valdivia/Aguirre (February 19 2002) Jose, Ricardo, Carla and Sandra
Mexico - unidentified (May 22 2002) 2 survive
Bangladesh -  unidentified (May 22 and 23 2003) 3 girls, 1 boy

Hospital Delivering the Most Quads
75 sets - Banner Good Samaritan Hospital in Arizona since 1986, as well as over 400 sets of triplets and 8 sets of quints and 2 set of sextuplets.. The quads are delivered at an average of 32 weeks, which is more than the national average of 29 1/2 weeks.

Most Sets
4 sets - Four people hold the record - Kirilow, Mrs. Feodor Vassiliev, Mrs. Zoellner, and an unidentified man and his wife.

Surrogate Quads
4 sets - There have been 4 sets born to surrogates in the US - 2 in California (Nelson & unid set), 1 in Arizona (Beehler) and 1 in Missouri (Thomas). The Dysarz/Meehan set were also surrogate, but conceived as quints.

Sets Born Per Year (USA)
Since 1989 there have been an average of 102 sets of quads born each year in the US.
7.74% of all quads will have some identical children.

 


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